A Major Rewrite
Easier for New Users
A Complete Reference
Workflow Chapter Order
Easier to Find
The Book Format
The Fast Track for Beginners
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Fast Track Index
Before You Start
Designing Your Workflow
Basic Workflow Elements
My Personal Workflow
Minimum System Requirements
Desktop App Usage Information
Creating Your First Catalog
Upgrading from Earlier Versions
How do I install the Lightroom upgrade?
How do I upgrade my catalog for use in Lightroom CC/6?
How do I check which version I’m currently running?
How do I update to a newer Lightroom dot release?
How do I uninstall Lightroom?
How do I install a plug-in?
Where should I store my plug-ins?
How do I uninstall a plug-in?
How do I use a plug-in?
Getting Photos & Videos into Lightroom
Importing Your Photos
Import in Detail
Why do the folders keep jumping around when I click on them?
How do I import from multiple folders or memory cards in one go?
Can I use the operating system dialog to navigate to a folder instead of using Lightroom’s Source panel?
Previewing and Selecting Individual Photos
How do I select only certain photos to import?
Why are some photos unavailable or dimmed in the Import dialog?
How do I change the preview size?
Can I change the sort order?
Can I filter the photos?
File Handling panel
Why do I have to create previews? Why can’t I just look at the photos?
What size previews should I build?
What does Don’t Import Suspected Duplicates do?
What does the Make a Second Copy option do?
How do I add imported photos to a collection while importing?
File Renaming panel
How will you name your photos?
How do I rename the files while importing?
How do I build a filename template?
How do I add additional padding zeros to sequence numbers?
What’s the difference between Import#, Image#, Sequence# and Total#?
Where do I enter custom text and start numbers?
Apply During Import panel
What Develop settings should I apply in the Import dialog?
How do I add copyright metadata to my photos?
Should I apply keywords in the Import dialog?
Where will you store your photos?
How will you organize your photos into folders?
Why use a date-based folder structure?
Why not organize the photos by topic?
Can I adapt a dated folder structure to suit me?
How do I select a Destination folder?
How do I create a new folder?
I’ve chosen Copy or Move—how do I organize the photos into a folder structure that suits me?
How do I pick a date structure?
Why are some of the Destination folders in italic?
Can Lightroom manage my photos, like iTunes moves my music files?
Saving & Reusing Import Settings
How do I create Import presets, and what do they include?
After Pressing Import
How do I stop the Import dialog hanging?
Why can’t I see my photos in the Import dialog?
What does this error message mean?
Tethered Shooting & Watched Folders
Which cameras are supported by the built-in Tethered Capture?
How do I set Lightroom up to use Tethered Capture?
How do I set Lightroom up to use a watched folder?
Back Up Your Catalog
How do I back up Lightroom’s catalog?
Where are the backups stored?
Should I turn on Test integrity and Optimize catalog each time I back up?
How often should I back up the catalog?
I haven’t got time to back up now—can I postpone the backup?
Can I delete the oldest backups?
Why does Lightroom say it’s unable to backup?
Back Up Your Photos
How do I back up my photos?
I back up photos using the Import dialog—isn’t that enough?
Back up the extras
Restoring From Backups
How do I restore a backup of my catalog?
How do I restore part of my backup catalog?
How do I restore a backup of photos?
How do I restore the extra files such as presets?
The Lightroom Workspace
The Lightroom Interface Overview
The Top Bar
Title Bar & Full Screen Modes
Panels & Panel Groups
Viewing Your Photos
Viewing Your Photos in Grid View
Viewing Your Photos in Loupe View
Zooming In on Photos
Distraction Free Viewing—Lights Out and Full Screen Preview
Playing Videos in Loupe View
Viewing Your Photos in Survey View
Viewing Your Photos in Compare View
Why do shortcuts and menu commands only apply to a single photo even though I have multiple photos selected on the Secondary Display Grid?
Previews & Smart Previews
Why are there different kinds of previews?
How do I build previews after importing the photos?
How do I check which photos have previews or smart previews?
What size and quality should I set for Standard-Sized Previews?
Where are previews stored?
The previews folder is huge—can I delete it?
How do I delete previews?
I’ve discarded 1:1 previews—why hasn’t the file/folder size shrunk?
Selecting the Best Photos
Rating your Photos
How do I rank my photos?
How do I use color labels?
Workflow—Selecting the Best Photos
Grouping Similar Photos using Stacks
Can I automatically stack sets of photos?
How do I see which collections a photo belongs to?
How do I organize my collections into sets?
What are the Quick Collection and Target Collection?
Workflow—Selecting Photos for a Purpose
Managing Your Photos
Managing Folders in Lightroom and on the Hard Drive
How do I set up a folder hierarchy?
How do I hide parent folders?
How do I switch between a composite folder view and a single folder view?
Can I change the way the folders are displayed?
How do I create a new folder or subfolder?
How do I move folders into other folders or drives?
How do I rename folders?
How do I delete folders?
I’ve added new photos to one of Lightroom’s folders—why don’t they show in my catalog?
How does the Synchronize Folder command work?
Managing the Individual Photos
Deleting fuzzy photos
How do I rename one or more photos?
How do I rename photos back to their original filename?
How do I find out where a photo is stored on my hard drive?
How do I move or copy photos between folders?
Adding Metadata to Your Photos
Adding Metadata using the Metadata Panel
How do I enter metadata for my photos?
How do I add or change metadata for multiple photos at once?
How do I create and edit a Metadata preset?
Where’s the rest of my metadata?
How do I change the date format and units of measurement?
What are the symbols at the ends of the fields?
Editing the Capture Time
How do I fix the capture time?
Which Edit Capture Time option should I use?
How do I sync the times on two or more cameras?
What kind of keywords would you use to describe your photos?
Adding your first keywords
What’s the difference between the Keywording panel and the Keyword List panel?
How do I apply keywords to photos?
How do I edit or remove a keyword?
Which options should I select when creating or editing a keyword?
How do I see which keywords are applied to my photo?
What do the symbols in the Keyword List panels mean?
How can I keep certain keywords at the top of the list?
Is there a quick way of finding a particular keyword in my long list?
Is it possible to display all the photos in a catalog that aren’t already keyworded?
How to face tag people
How do I index my whole catalog?
How do I stop indexing?
How should I organize my people keywords?
How do I navigate the People view?
Why are the thumbnails unavailable or too dark?
How do I change the sort order?
How do I add a name to a face?
I made a spelling mistake—how do I fix it?
Does rejecting a name suggestion take another guess?
What do I do with people I don’t recognize?
How do I access the photos of a single person?
Why didn’t the indexing find all of the faces?
How do I draw missing faces on the photo?
Should I draw round the backs of people’s heads?
How do I name people in Loupe view?
How do I keep my people keywords private?
Map Module Basics
Navigating the Map
How do I view the photos attached to each location marker?
How do I avoid accidentally moving a marker?
How do I select the map style?
How do I search for a specific location?
How do I show or hide the overlays?
How do I use the Map Filter bar?
How do I use Saved Locations?
Adding & Editing Location Metadata Using the Map
How do I mark photos on the map?
How do I find photos I haven’t tagged yet?
How do I move a photo or group of photos to a different location?
How do I delete location information?
Adding Location Metadata Using Tracklogs
Which tracklog formats can Lightroom understand?
How do I import my tracklog and match it with the photos?
How do I apply a timezone offset?
My camera time doesn’t quite match the tracklog—how do I fix it?
What is Address Lookup?
Should I turn on address lookup in Catalog Settings?
Will address lookup overwrite my existing location data?
Why are the Location fields dimmed or italic?
How do I make the lookup data permanent?
Why is address lookup not working?
Finding & Filtering your Photos
How do I change the sort order?
How do I drag and drop into a custom sort order?
Filtering Your Photos
How do I filter my photos to show photos fitting certain criteria?
How do I use Attribute filters?
How do I use the Metadata filters?
How do I view only the photos with the parent keyword directly applied, without seeing the child keywords?
Can I select multiple options from a single column, creating an OR filter?
How do I select multiple options within the Metadata filter columns, creating an AND filter?
How do I use Text Filters?
How can I use the Text filters to do AND or OR filters?
How do I search for a specific filename?
Can I combine Text filters, Attribute filters, and Metadata filters?
How do I lock filters, so they don’t disappear when I switch to another folder?
Can I save the filters I use regularly as presets?
Using Smart Collections
How do I create complex smart collections?
How do I find empty metadata fields which don’t have an is empty option?
How do I duplicate a smart collection?
How do I transfer smart collection criteria between catalogs?
Develop Basic Editing
Introduction to Editing
Workflow—Editing Your Photos
Shooting Raw, sRAW or JPEG
Should I shoot raw or JPEG?
Why doesn’t the photo look the same as it did on the camera?
I shot in B&W—why is Lightroom changing the photos back to color?
Can I emulate the camera’s own color?
Why are my photos so dark?
Are there any other camera settings that Lightroom understands?
If I shoot sRAW format, can Lightroom apply all the usual adjustments?
Histogram and RGB Values
How do I see which pixels are clipping? Or, why are there red and blue areas on my photos?
Can I view RGB values using a normal 0-255 scale?
How do I fix the white balance?
Where should I click with the White Balance Eyedropper?
The White Balance Eyedropper disappears every time I click anything—how do I keep it turned on?
Can I change the eyedropper averaging?
How do I adjust the white balance sliders?
Why don’t the Temp and Tint sliders have the proper white balance scale when I’m working on JPEGs?
Tone & Presence
What does the Exposure slider do?
What does the Contrast slider do?
What do the Highlights and Shadows sliders do?
Why don’t the Highlights or Shadows sliders seem to do much?
What do the Whites and Blacks sliders do?
What are image adaptive sliders?
What does the Clarity slider do?
What’s the difference between Vibrance and Saturation?
Which process version should I use?
Why are my new imports set to PV2003 or PV2010 instead of the most recent process version?
How do I switch between process versions?
Should I update all of my old photos to PV2012? Or, why has updating my photos to PV2012 spoiled their appearance?
How do I find photos set to older process versions?
How do I trim videos?
Can I join videos together?
What do Capture Frame and Set Poster Frame do?
Can I view video metadata such as Frame Rate?
Can I edit the color and exposure of my videos in the Develop module?
Develop Selective Editing
Cropping & Straightening
How do I straighten or rotate a photo?
How do I resize the crop?
How do I crop a vertical portion from a horizontal photo?
How do I change the crop ratio?
How do I set a custom crop aspect ratio?
How do I lock my crop ratio?
Can I set a default crop ratio?
How do I view or clear my in-camera crop?
How do I change the Crop Overlay?
Is there a way to see what the new pixel dimensions will be without interpolation?
Should I check Constrain to Image?
How do I reset the crop?
Spot Removal—Clone & Heal Tools
What’s the difference between clicking and dragging?
How do I move or delete an existing spot?
How do I choose the source of the replacement pixels?
How do I adjust the brush size or the size of an existing spot?
What’s the difference between Clone mode and Heal mode?
How do I use Visualize Spots to quickly find dust spots?
What are the limitations of the Lightroom’s Spot Removal tools?
Red Eye & Pet Eye Correction Tools
Lightroom’s Red Eye Correction tool can’t lock on to the red eye—is there anything I can do to help it?
Local Adjustments—Gradients & Brushes
How do I create a new Graduated or Radial Filter mask?
How do I edit an existing Graduated/Radial Filter?
How do I brush away part of the gradient?
Why would I use the Adjustment Brush rather than editing a photo in Photoshop?
How do I create a new brush mask?
How do I choose the size and softness of my brush?
What’s the difference between Flow & Density?
How do I erase brush strokes?
How do I move brush strokes?
Can I invert the mask?
What does Auto Mask do?
Why is nothing happening when I brush over the photo?
How do I use the pins?
How do I use the mask overlay?
How do I fade the effect of an existing mask?
Can I duplicate the masks? And layer the effect of multiple masks?
How do I set default slider settings?
How do I save sets of slider settings as a preset?
Can I save brush strokes or gradients as presets?
Iris Enhance 251
Soften Skin 251
Teeth Whitening 252
White Balance Adjustments
Vibrance vs. Saturation
Selective Sharpening & Clarity
Add Lens Blur
Selective Noise Reduction
Add a Color Tint
Develop Advanced Editing
How do I read a tone curve?
Why use curves?
How are Tone Curves different to the Basic panel?
What’s the difference between the parametric curve and the point curve?
How do I adjust the standard parametric tone curve?
How do I use the Targeted Adjustment Tool?
What are the triangles at the bottom of the parametric tone curve?
How do I use the point curve?
B&W & Split Tones
How do I the change the color mix for a black & white photo?
How do I create a sepia photo?
How do I use the Split Toning panel?
How do I create a B&W photo with some areas in color?
HSL & Color
What are the HSL and Color panels used for?
When would I use HSL and Color?
Detail—Sharpening & Noise Reduction
Fixing Noisy or Soft Photos
What is multiple pass sharpening?
How do the sharpening sliders interact?
How do the noise reduction sliders interact?
Can I apply or remove sharpening or noise reduction selectively?
Lens & Perspective Corrections
How do I know whether my lens profile’s built in?
How do I select the correct profile for my lens?
How do I set a default lens profile?
In the Setup pop-up menu, what’s the difference between Default, Auto & Custom?
Why is the lens profile available for some photos and not others, using the same lens?
What are my options if my lens profile isn’t available?
How do I use the Lens Profile Downloader?
How do the Amount sliders interact with the profile?
How do I fix Chromatic Aberration or colored fringes?
How do I remove localized fringing?
How do I fix the perspective?
What do the different Upright buttons do? Which one should I use?
When do I need to press Reanalyze?
How do I stop Upright clearing my crop?
How do I reduce the effect of the Upright correction?
What do the Manual Transform Lens Corrections sliders do?
Effects—Post-Crop Vignette & Grain
What’s the difference between Highlight Priority, Color Priority and Paint Overlay?
How do the Post-Crop Vignette sliders interact?
How do the Grain sliders interact?
Stitch a panorama
Create an HDR file
Why use Lightroom for merging instead of Photoshop or other software?
What type of files do I need for merging?
What format are the merged files?
Should I edit the photos before I merge them?
What’s the difference between the Panorama projection options?
Should I enable Auto Crop?
How do I fill in the gaps around the edges? Is there Content Aware Fill?
Where are the HDR editing options?
How many photos should I select for an HDR file?
Should I check Auto Align and enable Deghost?
How do I edit the HDR file after merging?
Develop Module Tools
Copying Settings to Similar Photos
Copy and Paste
Why won’t my white balance sync?
Can I make relative adjustments, for example, brighten all selected photos by 1 stop?
What does Match Total Exposures in the Settings menu do?
Presets—Saving Settings to Apply to Other Photos
How do I install downloaded Develop presets?
How can I organize my presets into folders or groups?
How do I apply presets to multiple photos?
Can I apply multiple presets to the same photo, layering the effects?
How do I update, rename or delete Develop Presets?
How do I share my presets?
Where have my presets gone?
Why would I change the default settings instead of using a preset?
Why would I want different defaults for each ISO and serial number combination?
Which settings should I use as the defaults?
How do I change the default settings?
History & Reset
How long do the adjustments stay in the History panel?
How do I reset Develop settings?
Before / After Preview
How do I change the preview options?
How do I select a different history state for the Before view?
Can I turn off the effect of a whole panel’s settings, to see the preview with and without these settings?
Versions—Snapshots & Virtual Copies
How do I choose whether to use a virtual copy or a snapshot?
Can I rename virtual copies?
Can I convert snapshots to virtual copies and vice versa?
Can I promote virtual copies and delete the master?
What do Sync Copies and Sync Snapshots do?
Color Management & Soft Proofing
Which color space should I use?
What is soft proofing?
How do I enable soft proofing?
Should I select Perceptual or Relative Colorimetric?
Should I check Simulate Paper & Ink when viewing my soft proof?
Can I change the background color surrounding the photo while soft proofing?
What’s the difference between the Monitor Gamut and Destination Gamut warnings?
What should I do if some colors are out of gamut?
How should I adjust the photo while viewing the soft proof?
How do I compare my proof adjusted photo with the original?
How do I save my photo after adjusting it for a specific profile?
How can I tell which profile I used for a particular photo?
Further Editing in Other Programs
Integration with Photoshop
Integration with Photoshop Elements
Opening Photos in Other Editors
Why might I use an external editor?
When in my workflow should I use Edit in Photoshop or other External Editors?
Setting External Editor Preferences
Which file format should I use?
Which color space should I select?
Why use a big color space when nothing can print that wide a range?
Should I choose 8-bit or 16-bit?
Which resolution should I select?
How do I change the file name and location?
Can I automatically stack the files?
Editing in Photoshop or Photoshop Elements
Why isn’t Lightroom opening my photo as a TIFF or PSD file according to my preferences?
What’s the difference between Edit Original, Edit a Copy, or Edit a Copy with Lightroom Adjustments?
What do the other options in the Edit In menu do?
Should I still use Merge to HDR Pro or Merge to Panorama in Photoshop?
Why do my photos look different in Photoshop?
Lightroom can’t find Photoshop to use Edit in Photoshop—how do I fix it?
Lightroom can’t find Photoshop Elements to use Edit in Photoshop—how do I fix it?
Adobe Camera Raw Compatibility for Photoshop
What happens if I’m still using an older version of ACR and Photoshop?
What’s the difference between Render Using Lightroom and Open Anyway in the ACR mismatch dialog?
Setting Up Additional External Editors
How do I create my own external editor preset?
How do I edit an external editor preset?
Can I open the raw file into another raw processor?
Saving Metadata to the Files
Should I write to XMP?
Which of Lightroom’s data isn’t stored in XMP?
How do I write settings to XMP?
Should I check or uncheck Include Develop settings in metadata inside JPEG, TIFF, PNG and PSD files?
How do I read the metadata from the files?
When resolving metadata conflicts, is there a way to preview what will happen?
Export, Email & Publish
‘Save As’ a copy on the Hard Drive using Export
Export Location & File Naming
Can Lightroom automatically re-import the exported files?
How do I handle existing photos with the same names?
How do I change the filename while exporting?
Video & File Settings
Should I apply compression to the photos?
Can I export to a specific file size?
Which bit depth should I select?
What is Save Transparency?
Which color space should I select?
How do I export or save my edited videos?
Image Sizing & Resolution
How do I work out what size I need?
What’s the difference between Width & Height, Dimensions, Longest Edge, Shortest Edge, Megapixels & Percentage?
What does the Don’t Enlarge checkbox do?
Is it better to upsize in Lightroom or in Photoshop?
Which Export Sharpening setting applies more sharpening—screen, matte or glossy?
Metadata & Watermarking
How do I select which metadata to include in my files?
How do I add a watermark to my photos?
How do I create a text watermark?
How do I create a graphical watermark?
How do I set the size and placement on the photo?
How do I save my watermarks?
Post-Processing & Other Export Questions
What are Post-Process Actions?
Other Export Questions
Can I save my Export settings as a preset?
Why are my adjustments not being applied to my exported file?
It gives an error message—Some export operations were not performed. The file could not be written. or The file could not be found. What went wrong?
Emailing your Photos
Can I have multiple accounts?
How do I set the size of the photos I want to email?
Can I save a custom email preset including extra settings, such as a watermark or a different file format?
How do I use Lightroom’s address book?
How do I keep a copy of my sent email?
How do I set up a Publish Services account?
Other Publish Services
What size photos should I send to Facebook?
What can I use the Hard Drive option for?
What is Behance?
How do I publish my photos?
Does it automatically publish changes I make to my photos?
How do I update my service with the changes I’ve made to my photos?
How do I mark photos as already published, so they don’t upload again?
I didn’t mean to remove a photo from a collection—how do I restore it?
I accidentally revoked the authorization on the website—how do I fix it?
Can I have the same account connected to multiple catalogs?
Slide Layout & Design
How do I adjust the size of the photo?
How do I set the aspect ratio of the slides?
Why doesn’t the photo fill the photo cell?
How do I change the background of the slides?
How do I set the background color?
How do I add a border around the photo?
How do I add a drop shadow?
How do I add or remove a gradient or color wash on the background of the slide?
How do I add a background image to my slides?
Text Captions & Other Overlays
How do I add branding to my slideshow?
How do I use Anchor Points?
How do I add a watermark to my photos?
How do I add a text caption?
How do I reselect or delete a text field?
What is Custom Text?
How do I make the caption different for each photo?
How do I create my own metadata-based preset?
Why does the text field say <empty>?
How do I change the font for my captions?
How do I add shadows behind my overlays?
How do I display my star ratings?
Can I rate the photos while the slideshow’s running?
How do I add blank slides at the beginning and end of the slideshow?
How do I add a music track to my slideshow?
Can I add multiple music tracks?
How do I remove a music track?
Why is there an exclamation mark next to the track name?
How do I fade the music track when I’m playing a video?
How do I set the timings for the slideshow?
Can I change the style of transitions?
Can I advance the slideshow manually?
How do I set the order of the slides?
How do I select which monitor to use?
How do I play the slideshow?
How do I play a subset of my slideshow without creating a new one?
Saving Slideshows & Templates
How do I save my slideshow to edit or play again later?
How do I open my saved slideshow again later?
How do I edit or delete my saved slideshow?
How do I add extra photos to my slideshow?
How do I save my slideshow settings to reuse on another set of photos?
Exporting Slideshows for Use Outside of Lightroom
Which format should I use?
How do I export my slideshow as a video?
How do I export my slideshow as a PDF?
How do I export my slideshow as a folder of JPEGs?
Why are my photos missing?
How to… create a 4” x 6” borderless print
How to… print it
How to… create a contact sheet
How to… create a picture package
How to… create a custom package
How do I change the page size and paper orientation?
How do I set the page margins? Why won’t they go to 0?
How do I change the units of measurement?
How do I change the guides displayed on the page?
How do I adjust the contact sheet layout?
Why won’t my photo print without adding white borders along two edges or cutting off some of the photo?
How do I lay out a Picture or Custom Package or collage?
Print Design & Overlays
How do I set the background color?
How do I add a border?
How do I add my logo or Identity Plate to the page?
How do I add a watermark to my photos?
How do I add text to my page?
How do I display page numbers or crop marks?
Printing & Exporting
How do I print my layout?
What is Draft Mode Printing?
How high should I set the resolution?
When should I turn on 16-bit printing?
Which Print Sharpening option do I choose?
How do I set up my printer to match the preview I see on screen?
Why do Page Setup, Print Settings and Printer buttons show the same dialog?
Why do Lightroom’s prints not match the preview on screen?
How do I create a JPEG of my print layout?
Saving Prints & Templates
How do I save my design to edit or print later?
How do I edit or delete my saved print?
How do I save my print layout to reuse on another set of photos?
Web Gallery Basics
Web Gallery Layout & Design
How do I select the layout?
How do I personalize my gallery?
How do I change the gallery colors?
How do I change the thumbnail page layout?
How do I choose which metadata to display on the main image page?
How do I select the quality of the main photos?
Saving Web Galleries & Templates
How do I save my settings as a web gallery?
How do I edit or delete my saved web gallery?
How do I add extra photos to my web gallery?
How do I save my web gallery settings to reuse on another set of photos?
Export for Web
Should I let Lightroom upload the gallery or use dedicated FTP software?
How do I set up Lightroom’s built-in FTP client?
I changed an existing gallery—why hasn’t it changed on the website?
How do I export to the hard drive to upload using FTP software?
Can I have multiple galleries on my website?
Third Party Galleries
Where can I download third-party galleries?
What kind of features do third-party galleries offer?
How do I install a third-party web gallery?
Working with Pages & Templates
How do I select a page template and add new pages?
How do I select a page?
How do I change the template for an existing page?
How do I rearrange the page order or insert a page?
How do I delete pages?
How do I mark a template as a favorite?
Can I build my own templates?
Can I duplicate a page? Or can I copy the layout from a previous page?
How do I use Auto Layout?
How do I create my own Auto Layout preset?
What does Match Long Edges do?
How do I control which metadata is used for Photo Captions when using Auto Layout?
Why isn’t Auto Layout doing anything?
Working with Photos
How do I add or rearrange photo on a page?
How do I zoom into a photo?
What is Page Bleed?
Can I set it to automatically fit the photos to the cells without cropping, rather than filling the cell?
What does the exclamation mark on the photo mean?
How do I remove a photo?
How can I tell which photos I’ve used so far?
Can I filter to see which photos are currently used in my book?
When I’ve finished designing the book, can I still edit the photos in Develop?
How do I change the background color of my pages?
How do I add a graphic or photo as a page background?
How do I change the cover or spine color?
Adding Text to Your Book
How do I add text to a page?
What’s the difference between Page Text, Photo Text and text cells on page templates?
What is Custom Text?
How do I automatically enter text based on metadata?
I’ve changed the metadata—how do I update the text in the book to match?
What’s the red square marker with a cross in the middle?
How do I position the text on the page?
What is the Text Safe Area?
How do I add automatic page numbers?
How do I add text to the cover and spine of the book?
How do I change the font, size and color?
What are Tracking, Baseline, Leading and Kerning?
How do I use the Text Targeted Adjustment Tool?
How do I adjust the horizontal and vertical alignment?
How to do I split text into columns and adjust the spacing?
How do I change the text style on multiple text cells?
Can I save my text style to apply to other cells?
What’s an unsaved book?
How do I save my book?
How do I edit or add extra photos to my saved book?
How do I create a snapshot of my book, in case I make changes and want to go back to a previous version?
How do I save my book layout as a template for use on other photos?
Exporting & Printing Books
Who are Blurb and why are other vendors not available for printing books?
Can I view a soft proof of my Blurb book?
Which cover style and paper should I select?
How do I select quality, color profile, resolution and sharpening for a Blurb book?
What is the Logo Page?
How much will my Blurb book cost?
How do I send my book to Blurb?
How do I save my book as a PDF or JPEGs?
Working with Multiple Computers or Catalogs
How do I find my catalog on the hard drive?
What do the catalog files contain?
How much space does Lightroom’s catalog take up on my hard drive?
How do I rename my catalog?
Do I need to do any regular maintenance?
How do I move only my catalog to another hard drive, leaving the photos where they are?
How do I move only my photos to another hard drive, leaving the catalog where it is?
How do I archive photos to offline hard drives?
How do I move my complete catalog & photos to another hard drive on the same computer?
How do I move my catalog, photos and other Lightroom files to a new computer?
Working with Multiple Machines
Copy/Sync (e.g. Dropbox)
Import from a Temporary Catalog
Workflow—Import from a Temporary Catalog
Split and Merge
Workflow—Split & Merge
How does Export as Catalog work?
What are the limitations of offline files, with standard or smart previews?
How does Import from Catalog work?
Are there any limitations when importing and exporting catalogs?
Can I share my catalog with multiple users on the same machine?
How can I use my presets on both computers?
How do I synchronize my presets using Dropbox?
Single or Multiple Catalogs
Should I use one big catalog, or multiple smaller catalogs?
Is there a maximum number of photos a catalog can hold?
Is there a maximum number of photos before Lightroom’s performance starts to degrade?
How do I create a new catalog and switch between catalogs?
How do I set or change my default catalog?
How do I set default Catalog Settings to use for all new catalogs?
How do I delete a spare catalog?
How do I merge multiple catalogs into one larger catalog?
How do I transfer photos between catalogs?
Troubleshooting & Performance
How do I know that Lightroom can’t find my photos?
Lightroom thinks my photos are missing—how do I fix it?
It says The selected folder or one of its subfolders is already in Lightroom. Do you want to combine these folders? Do I say yes or no?
It says The file is associated with another photo in the catalog. How do I fix it?
How do I check my catalog for missing files?
I accidentally deleted my photos from my hard drive and I don’t have backups! Can I recover them using Lightroom’s previews or smart previews?
Other Frequent Problems
My Toolbar’s disappeared—where’s it gone?
Where have my panels gone?
How do I show missing dialogs?
Why can’t I open my catalog?
How do catalogs become corrupted?
Lightroom says that my catalog is corrupted—can I fix it?
Image & Preview Problems
Why do I just get gray boxes instead of previews?
Everything in Lightroom is a funny color, but the original photos look perfect in other programs, and the exported photos don’t look like they do in Lightroom either. What could be wrong?
How do I remove my monitor profile to check whether it’s corrupted?
Why is Lightroom changing the colors of my photos?
Lightroom says my preview cache is corrupted—how do I fix it?
Lightroom appears to be corrupting my photos—how do I stop it?
The magic reboot
Optimize the Catalog
Check for Updates
Try a new catalog
Rule out corrupted presets
Try a clean user account
Check for hardware and operating system problems
Ask for help!
Default File & Menu Locations
The default location of the Lightroom catalog is…
The default location of the Preferences is…
How do I show hidden files to find my preferences and presets?
The default location of the Presets is…
Your Develop Defaults, Lens Defaults and Custom Point Curves are stored at…
The default location of the Camera Raw Cache is…
Your custom Camera & Lens Profiles should be installed to the User folders…
Preferences & Settings Menu Locations
How can I get Lightroom to import faster?
How can I speed up browsing in the Library module?
How can I speed up opening photos in the Develop module?
Preview Loading Logic in the Library module
Preview Loading Logic in the Develop module
There are so many different kinds of previews & caches—which ones do I need?
How do I get the greatest benefit from the Camera Raw Cache, a.k.a. the ACR Cache?
Should I enable the GPU to speed up interactive performance?
Which Develop slider order is best for performance?
It’s taking forever to delete photos—should it really take this long?
I’m buying a new computer—what should I look for?
Is there anything I can do to make Lightroom perform better on my existing computer hardware?
The Creative Cloud Subscription
Setting up Sync
How do I enable sync?
How do I choose which photos to sync?
Can I sync smart collections?
In the Catalog panel, what is All Synced Photographs?
How do I check the upload progress?
Can I pause syncing?
In the Catalog panel, what is All Sync Errors and how do I clear it?
How do I access my photos on my mobile device?
How do I access my photos in a web browser?
How do I share my web galleries with others?
How do I see my friends comments?
How do I access the changes I made on my mobile device or web galleries?
Where are the photos I uploaded to my mobile device?
How do I move my mobile photos into my normal folder structure?
What happens if the same photo changes on the desktop and mobile device while they’re offline, creating a conflict?
What happens with sync if I revert to a backup catalog?
What happens if I want to sync a different catalog?
What happens to the sync data if I use Export as Catalog or Import from Another Catalog?
How do I completely disable sync?
Register your book for additional benefits
The benefits include:
To register your book, I need:
Send them via:
What happens next:
Appendix A—The Geeky Bits
Proprietary Raw vs. DNG
Should I convert to DNG?
Do I lose quality when converting to DNG?
Should I convert to Lossy DNG?
Why do sRAW/mRAW files get bigger when converting to DNG?
If I convert to DNG, can I convert back to the proprietary raw file format again?
Which preferences should I choose when converting to DNG?
How do I convert to DNG?
How do I update DNG files to take advantage of newer specifications?
Can I replace my full size proprietary raw or DNG files with smaller ones?
Should I convert other formats like JPEG or TIFF to DNG?
How do I update my embedded preview?
How do I find more information about the type of DNG file?
I embedded the proprietary raw file—how do I extract it?
How do I use the DNG Validation?
DNG Profile Editor & Lens Profile Creator
Why is the DNG Profile Editor better than the Calibration sliders?
Can I use the profiles on proprietary raw files, not just DNG?
How do I use the DNG Profile Editor? It looks complicated!
How do I create a Lens Profile using the Lens Profile Creator?
Does it matter which camera body is used when creating a lens profile?
Translated Strings.txt and Other Text Hacks
How do I edit the TranslatedStrings.txt file?
Some of the shortcuts don’t work with my language version or non-English keyboard—can I fix it?
Can I create a different dated folder structure automatically?
Can I have more than 5 digit sequence numbers when renaming?
Photoshop Actions via Droplets
The droplet runs, but it doesn’t save—what have I done wrong?
The droplet runs, but it keeps asking which JPEG compression to use—what have I done wrong?
The droplet doesn’t run at all—why not?
The droplet only works on some of the photos and then stops—what’s wrong?
In my droplet I used a Save for Web instead of a standard Save As—why won’t it overwrite the original file?
Importing From Other Programs
Import from iPhoto/Aperture
Import from Photoshop Elements
Appendix B – What’s New
What’s New in Lightroom CC/6?
Lightroom CC/6 Branding
Photo Merge for HDR & Panorama
GPU acceleration for interactive image editing
Other Performance Improvements
Support for Touch-enabled PCs
What was new in Lightroom 5?
What was new in Lightroom 4?
What was new in Lightroom 3?
What was new in Lightroom 2?
What was new in Lightroom 1?