Whether you’ve used Lightroom for years, or you’re just getting started, you’ve likely come across the fact that there’s two completely different programs, both called Lightroom. If you’re a little confused, you’re not alone. So what’s the difference? Which one is right for you? Which will suit your lifestyle and photography workflow? Or can you use them together? Let’s find out…
Which is which?
Let’s start by identifying the current Lightroom versions, and their main differences.
Lightroom Classic is the traditional version of Lightroom that’s been around for years, hence the name Classic. It runs on Windows and macOS, and stores your photos in folders on your local hard drives. You’re in charge of managing the files, the organization, the backups, etc. This is ideal for photographers with TB’s of images, but requires reasonable computer literacy.
Since Lightroom Classic has been available for years, it has lots of features. This can be a benefit or a disadvantage. If you’re an advanced user, the power and control it offers is huge, but if you’re new to Lightroom, the learning curve may be a bit overwhelming. We’ve covered Lightroom Classic in detail in Adobe Lightroom Classic – The Missing FAQ.
Some photographers were concerned that the launch of the cloud-based Lightroom might mean the end of road for Lightroom Classic, but it’s still being developed and improved.
Lightroom (formerly Lightroom CC) is a family of apps that started out as a simple mobile app, and has grown into a full ecosystem that runs on Windows, macOS, iPadOS, iOS, Android, ChromeOS, tvOS and the web. For clarity, we’ll refer to these apps as Lightroom (cloud ecosystem), to differentiate from Lightroom Classic.
The Lightroom (cloud ecosystem) apps are designed for modern living, so you can capture photos on your phone or load them from your camera, sort through them on your tablet when you have a few minutes to spare, edit them on your desktop, and then share them on the web.
Your photos are stored in the Adobe cloud, which means they’re available on all of your devices. This doesn’t mean you always need to be online, as you can also keep a local cached copy of some/all of the images for offline use. However, you do need reasonably fast internet access and plenty of bandwidth to get the photos to the cloud in the first place.
There aren’t as many features in the Lightroom (cloud ecosystem) apps yet, as they’re a lot younger, which means they’re simpler to learn to use. While you can organize photos into albums, you don’t have to worry about the file management, making it ideal for those with less computer experience. The Edit mode is powerful, but many of the sliders are hidden by default, so isn’t intimidating to newer photographers. The Adobe Sensei artificial intelligence search facilities make it easier to find photos, even without spending time manually adding keywords. Since much of its power is hidden, we’ve covered the Lightroom (cloud ecosystem) in detail in Adobe Lightroom – Edit Like a Pro.
Why two different apps?
But why couldn’t Adobe make one Lightroom app to do it all? Quite simply, while there are similarities, the concepts and foundations are very different. A boat and a car are both used for transportation, but they’re not interchangeable!
Likewise, Lightroom Classic and Lightroom (cloud ecosystem) are both used for organizing and editing photos, but they don’t think the same way. Classic is designed to catalog photos stored on the hard drive with lots of user-control, whereas Lightroom (cloud ecosystem) is designed to manage the photos in the cloud for you. Both the local file system and the cloud want to be in charge of your photos, which would result in lots of conflicts.
Can’t you just sync them both?
Lightroom Classic can sync with the cloud, so can you use them together to have the best of both worlds? Yes and no. Lightroom Classic is not a member of the Cloud ecosystem – it’s more like a distant cousin. It has a basic understanding of Lightroom (cloud ecosystem) sync language, from the mobile app’s early days, but it doesn’t understand how to sync newer Cloud additions like keywords or album folders, and it gets itself in a tangle from time to time.
For a simple life, pick one or the other. If you’re happy to play referee in the case of conflicts, you can sync Lightroom Classic with the cloud, but you’ll need to decide which one you consider your primary archive (folders or cloud) and which you’d be willing to wipe and start over in the event of an unfixable conflict.
In the most reliable Classic/Lightroom (cloud ecosystem) “best of both worlds” workflows, Classic is the primary archive. Smart previews can be synced up to the cloud, for viewing and editing in the Lightroom (cloud ecosystem) apps, and photos added to the Lightroom (cloud ecosystem) apps automatically download into your Classic archive.
How do I decide?
So the next question has to be, how do you decide which Lightroom version should care for your primary photo archive? Is Lightroom (cloud ecosystem) right for you, or would you be better with Lightroom Classic?
Some decisions are fairly straightforward, for example:
- If you’re a wedding or portrait photographer shooting thousands of photos every week, it’s a pretty easy decision, as cloud storage is still more expensive than local storage. Classic is the way to go.
- If you’re a new photographer, your main camera is a mobile phone and you have fast internet, Lightroom (cloud ecosystem) would be a great choice.
- If you started with Lightroom 1 and you’re now an advanced user, you’re likely best sticking with Classic (at least for now), as you’ll probably find the more limited feature set frustrating.
- If you enjoy photography but your computer seems to break every time you so much as look at it, Lightroom (cloud ecosystem) is the safer bet.
- If you have slow internet or limited bandwidth, it’s a pretty easy decision to go with Classic, as syncing Lightroom (cloud ecosystem) would be painful.
- If you’re trying to fit photography into a busy lifestyle, with a mix of phones, tablets, laptops and desktops, having your photos available on every device is a massive advantage, which makes Lightroom (cloud ecosystem) an obvious choice.
- If you frequently print to a local printer, or use third-party editors such as Nik or Topaz, then Classic is a better choice.
But what if your situation is a little less clear cut? In that case, it’s time to weigh up priorities:
- Do you have fast unmetered internet, at least at home?
- Do you do most of your organizing and editing on a single desktop/laptop computer? Or are you trying to move between multiple devices, whether a desktop and a laptop, or mobile devices too?
- How many photos do you have? Do you just need to be a bit more ruthless when deleting photos, or do you simply have too many photos to make cloud storage economically viable?
- Which features are most important to you? Classic has many organizational tools and traditional output tools (print, book, slideshow) that aren’t yet available in the Lightroom (cloud ecosystem) apps, but the Lightroom (cloud ecosystem) apps are far better at multi-device workflows and web sharing. There’s a chart below, highlighting the main similarities and differences, to help get you started.
One warning: when weighing up your priorities, don’t decide solely based on features. While it may be nice to have access to every tool in the toolshed, think about whether you actually need them. If easy multi-device access is important to you, you may be surprised how little you miss some tools.
And finally, a suggestion. The decision you make today may not be the same decision you’d make in a year’s time, but it’s ok to change your mind. Lightroom (cloud ecosystem) is still young, so it’s continuing to mature. These are the changes made since its release. So if you’re on the fence, it’s worth revisiting the decision from time to time.
|Originals stored locally||Yes||Optional|
|Split originals across multiple different hard drives||Yes||No|
|Originals uploaded to cloud||No||Yes|
|Originals downloaded on demand||N/A||Yes|
|Automatically manage hard drive space used||No||Yes|
|Split into multiple catalogs||Yes||No|
|Import raw, JPEG, PSD, TIFF, DNG, HEIF, PNG and some video formats||Yes||Yes|
|Add to collection/album||Yes||Yes|
|Change sort order / filter photos in Import dialog||Yes||No|
|Add metadata during import||Yes||Copyright only (added Feb 2018)|
|Apply camera defaults during import||Yes, per-camera||Yes, single default|
|Apply develop presets during import||Yes||Only as default setting|
|Rename photos during import||Yes||No|
|Import from iPhoto/Aperture/Photos||iPhoto/Aperture only||Yes, from Photos (and iPhoto/Aperture by upgrading libraries to Photos format) on macOS, added in Oct 2018|
|Import from Photoshop Elements||Yes||Yes|
|Tethered Shooting & Watched Folders||Yes||No|
|View Photos in Grid View||Yes||Yes|
|View Photos in Loupe/Detail View||Yes||Yes|
|Zoom in on photos||1:16 – 11:1||Fit – 2:1|
|View Photos in Survey View||Yes||No|
|View Photos in Compare View||Yes||Yes|
|Organize using Folders on the Hard Drive||Yes||No|
|Organize using Collections / Albums||Yes||Yes|
|Quick Collection / Target Collection||Yes||Yes, added in Oct 2018|
|Stack photos||Yes||Yes, desktop only|
|Delete photos||Yes, but no restore||Yes, with 60 days to undo|
|Viewing & Adding Metadata|
|View EXIF/IPTC metadata||Yes||Yes, limited|
|Edit Capture Time||Yes||Yes, added in Dec 2017|
|Add other IPTC metadata||Yes||No|
|Keywords||Yes, incl. hierarchical||Yes, flat only|
|View GPS||Yes||Yes, desktop only|
|Add GPS||Yes, using Map or co-ordinates||Yes, using co-ordinates or zip code, added in Oct 2021|
|Face recognition||Yes||Yes, added in Oct 2018|
|Write metadata to files||Yes||Only when saving a copy|
|Finding & Filtering Photos|
|Change sort order||Yes (13 options)||Yes (6 options)|
|Set custom sort order||Yes||Yes|
|AI-based text search without tagging||No||Yes|
|Filter on rating, flag, photo vs. video||Yes||Yes|
|Filter on keywords, locations or camera model||Yes||Yes|
|Filter on other metadata||Yes, using Metadata columns||Yes, using faceted search, added in Aug 2018|
|Save frequently used filter combinations||Yes||No|
|Editing Photos & Videos|
|Exposure, Contrast, Highlights, Shadows, Whites, Blacks||Yes||Yes|
|Tone Curves||Yes||Yes, added in Dec 2017|
|Clarity, Dehaze & Texture||Yes||Yes|
|Color Adjustments (WB, HSL, Vibrance, Saturation)||Yes||Yes|
|Split Toning||Yes||Yes, added in Dec 2017|
|Sharpening, Noise Reduction, Grain||Yes||Yes|
|Geometric Corrections (Upright)||Yes||Yes|
|Camera Calibration Sliders (Legacy)||Yes||No|
|Local/Selective Editing Tools|
|Cropping & Straightening||Yes||Yes|
|Spot Removal—Clone & Heal Tools||Yes||Yes|
|Red Eye & Pet Eye Correction Tools||Yes||Yes (Red Eye only)|
|Masking—Gradients & Brushes||Yes||Yes|
|Masking—Range Mask||Yes||Yes, added in Oct 2021|
|Local Adjustment Brush Presets||Yes||No|
|Stitch a panorama||Yes||Yes, desktop only, added in Feb 2019|
|Create an HDR file||Yes||Yes, desktop only, added in Feb 2019|
|Copy/paste settings to multiple photos||Yes||Yes|
|Create Presets||Yes||Yes (updated June 2018)|
|AI Recommended Presets||No||Yes|
|Sync Profiles & Presets to the cloud||No||Yes|
|Create Custom Defaults||Yes||Yes (added June 2020)|
|Before / After Preview||Yes||Yes|
|Snapshots||Yes||Yes, using Versions (June 2020)|
|Create Copies||Yes, virtual||Yes, real (desktop only)|
|Play video clips||Yes||Yes|
|Clip beginning/end||Yes||Yes (June 2022)|
|Make color/tonal adjustments||Yes||Yes (June 2022)|
|Send to Photoshop||Yes||Yes|
|Send to Photoshop Elements||Yes||No|
|Send to Other External Editors||Yes||Desktop, no
|Export as new file name||Yes||Yes|
|Export file formats||Original, JPEG, TIFF, PSD, DNG||Original, JPEG, TIFF, PSD, DNG|
|Export color space||ProPhoto, Adobe RGB, sRGB, Display P3||ProPhoto, Adobe RGB, sRGB, Display P3|
|Export with resize||Yes||Yes|
|Export with output sharpening||Yes||Yes|
|Export with watermark||Yes, text or graphic||Yes, text or graphic|
|Export with specific metadata||Yes||Yes|
|Email Photos direct from Lightroom||Yes||Yes, but only on mobile|
|Send to Facebook||No (removed in August 2018 due to API change)||Yes, but only on mobile|
|Send to Flickr||Yes, as Publish Services||No|
|Book||Yes||Sync photos to Blurb Bookwright|
Mobile & Apple TV, simple slideshow.
|Use on secondary desktop||Using import/export catalogs||Yes, all photos|
|Use on mobile device||Sync smart previews to LR Cloudy, not all metadata syncs (e.g. keywords, people)||Yes, full size originals available|
|Access photos in a web browser||Sync smart previews to LR Cloudy||Yes|
|Share Lightroom Web galleries||Sync smart previews to LR Cloudy||Yes, with additional options|
Which plan should you buy?
If you don’t already have a subscription, here’s the link you need. There’s two main plans:
- Lightroom 1TB includes access to the Lightroom (cloud ecosystem) apps on Windows & Mac (activated on 5 desktop/laptop computers at any one time), plus your various mobile devices, and 1TB of cloud space to store your photos.
- Photography Plan 20GB or 1TB includes access to Lightroom Classic, Photoshop and Lightroom (cloud ecosystem) (activated on 2 computers at any one time), plus Lightroom Mobile on your various mobile devices. It includes either 20GB or 1TB of cloud space, depending on which plan you choose.
But which plan will be best for you? Pick the combination of apps you want to use:
- Classic only = Photography Plan 20GB
- Lightroom (cloud ecosystem) only = Lightroom 1TB
- Classic + Photoshop = Photography Plan 20GB
- Lightroom (cloud ecosystem) + Photoshop = Photography Plan 1TB (or Lightroom 1TB plan plus Photography Plan 20GB for flexibility, as it’s the same price and gives you 5 activated desktop/laptops for Cloudy instead of 2)
- Classic + Lightroom (cloud ecosystem) (e.g. syncing Classic with the mobile apps) = Photography Plan with 20GB if you’ll mainly be syncing photos up from Classic, or 1TB if you often add photos on your phone/tablet.
- Cloud Mobile only = Lightroom 1TB. (There’s also 100GB Premium in-app purchases available from the mobile app stores. They’re a bit cheaper but only have 100GB of Lightroom Cloud space and are limited to that specific operating system.)
For extensive information on Lightroom Classic, see Adobe Lightroom Classic – The Missing FAQ.
If you have the Photography Plan, then as well as Classic you have access to the Lightroom cloud ecosystem including the mobile apps and web interface. For more information on these apps, see Adobe Lightroom – Edit Like a Pro.
Note: purchase of these books includes the first year’s Classic or cloud-based Premium Membership (depending on the book purchased), giving access to download the latest eBook (each time Adobe updates the software), email assistance for the applicable Lightroom version if you hit a problem, and other bonuses.
We also have a special bundle offer for the two books. This includes Premium Membership for the first year as described above for the whole Lightroom family!
Originally posted 18 October 2017, updated for all of the changes in October 2021. The features chart continues to be updated with new features as they’re released.